Psoriasis Mild

Most dermatologic diseases respond well to topical drug therapy. There are mild cases of skin diseases like acne, psoriasis, and poison ivy that can be successfully treated with topical agents.

Acne drugs consist of various creams, lotions, and gels to apply topically. These drugs act to cleanse away oil and dead skin, to close the pores, to inhibit the growth of skin bacteria and kill skin bacteria.

Some prescription antibiotics used topically to treat more serious cases of acne vulgaris include:

Cleocin T, clindamycin
Meclan, meclocyline
Topicycline or tetracycline

Severe cystic acne that is unresponsive to antibiotic treatment may be treated with topical tretinoin (Retin-a), which is a form of vitamin A.

Acne rosacea is an adult form of acne not caused by excessive oil but exacerbated by heat, stress, and skin irritation. It is treated with metronidazole (Metro-Gel).

Various topical agents are used to treat psoriasis and include coal tar lotions, gels, and shampoos that cleanse away dead skin and decrease itching. Trade name products include:


Contact dermatitis, poison ivy, insect bites, seborrhea and eczema are treated with the use of topical corticosteroids both over-the-counter and prescription. Some common over-the-counter and prescription generic and trade name topical corticosteroid agents are: amcinonide (Cyclocort), betamethasone (Diprosone, Uticort, Valisone), clocortolone (Cloderm). The endings sone, -olone, and onide are common to some generic corticosteroids.

Common laboratory tests and surgical procedures found in dermatology dictation include:

Biopsy, excisional, which is a complete excision or removal of a skin lesion with some adjacent, normal-appearing tissue also removed for comparison

Biopsy, incisional, is partial removal of a lesion by making an incision into the lesion and removing a section of it as well as some adjacent, normal-appearing tissue for comparison.

Biopsy, punch is removal of one section of a lesion using a sharp instrument known as a punch

Bx is the abbreviation for biopsy

Intradermal test is the injection into the intradermal layer of the skin of a chemical or other type of substance known to produce an allergic reaction in sensitive individuals.

KOH test: KOH (potassium hydroxide) and methylene blue dye are applied to scrapings from the skin to detect under microscope the presence of a fungal infection.

Skin scrapings are removal of a thin layer of skin cells by lightly scraping the skin with a scalpel and placing the cells on a slide for examination under the microscope after they have been stained.

The medical transcriptionist transcribing medical dictation in a dermatology office or hospital will encounter many of these terms.

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2007 Connie Limon All Rights Reserved

psoriasis mild

Sinus Causes

Sinus rhinitis, or simply runny nose, is a condition that is often associated with colds, allergies, and sinusitis. This is characterized by inflamed mucous membranes, which leads to overproduction of mucus, abnormal mucus drainage, post-nasal drip, and nasal congestion.

Rhinitis may be acute or chronic, depending on the cause. Acute rhinitis is oftentimes caused by virus and other pathogens. This may also appear as a result of the body's response to a specific allergen or irritant.

Meanwhile, chronic rhinitis may appear as a symptom of chronic conditions such as bacterial sinusitis. Runny nose often occurs during the first few days after contact with the bacteria that have caused the inflammation of the sinuses. After which, it is followed with thick, yellowish or greenish discharge, suggesting that bacteria are thriving in the mucus and the infected sinuses.

Chronic rhinitis may also result from cocaine use. Cocaine is notorious for permanently damaging the mucous membranes of the sinuses. Since this drug is often snorted or sniffed, its particles get trapped inside the sinuses and on the mucosal lining, ultimately causing irreparable damage to the mucus-producing capability of this tissue. Impairments in the mucosal lining can lead to uncontrollable rhinitis.

Treatments for Sinus Rhinitis
Fortunately, sinus rhinitis is not only curable, but also preventable. There are many medications, home remedies and alternative therapies that can normalize mucus production in the nose as well as reduce any swelling or inflammation in the sinuses. Here are some of the most effective methods:

Systemic Glucocorticoids Used widely for reducing nasal inflammation, systemic glucocorticoids are very effective components of steroid therapy. However, its use comes with limitations. Glucocortcoids are not recommended for prolonged use. Side-effects are also known to accompany the use of these products.

Steroid Nasal Sprays These are considered the first-line treatment for nasal congestion, swelling, inflammation and itching of the sinuses. These work by impeding the series of chemical processes that leads to inflammation. Unlike systemic glucocorticoids, steroid nasal sprays do not pose any risk to the user. These are intended to be used for several weeks.

Systemic/Topical Decongestants Systemic (taken orally) and topical (applied on the surface of the targeted tissue, usually the skin) are effective in relieving symptoms of rhinitis. Prolonged use is highly discouraged though, since decongestants often produce the rebound effect which makes the user dependent on the medication.

Nasal Rinses and Saltwater Sprays With the aim of clearing off any debris within the nose and the sinuses and flushing these out from the body, nasal rinses and saltwater sprays have emerged as the two most popular options for unclogging the nose. What makes these solutions very effective? It's the fact that allergens, irritants, dust and mucosal debris are water soluble.

Antihistamine, Antifungal and Antibacterial Medications Depending on the cause, these medications can provide relief from rhinitis. If you are troubled by allergic rhinitis, antihistamine medications can help you best. For fungal sinusitis patients, you can work out a solution by combining surgical interventions and antifungal medications. Finally, for victims of acute or chronic bacterial sinusitis, antibacterial medications or antibiotics will provide you the best solutions.

Other solutions are available for alleviating rhinitis. These include complementary and alternative medicine-based therapies and homeopathic remedies. To know more about your options, consult your doctor at the first signs of the symptoms.

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sinus causes

Disease From Chicken Pox

Chicken Pox is a highly contagious disease that usually occurs in children. For the most part, chicken pox occurs in children ranging from 3-4 years old. The older the child, the worse the attacks seems to occur.

The blisters and crusts are infectious and itchy, and scratching them can lead to infection and scarring. Once the scabs are gone, the individual is no longer infectious. Chickenpox usually runs its course in two weeks.

These blisters are very itchy, but they must not be scratched under any circumstance, because it may lead to infection. Another chicken pox symptom that must be controlled is the fever. Although, a chicken pox patient will not suffer from a very high fever, nonetheless it must be reduced. For the itching sensation that chicken pox gives you, warm baths using baking soda are recommended.


1. To prevent spreading the condition, keep the affected person away from other people until the rash disappears. Keep the skin clean with tepid baths, and apply calamine lotion directly to sores to reduce itching. Cool oatmeal baths with over-the counter oatmeal powders can also help relieve itching.

2. Part of the treatment for chicken pox is giving the patient bath every 3 to 4 hours to relieve the itching, adding some dry oat meal to the water. For the fever it is recommended to use acetaminophen not being indicated for patients under 20. Best thing to do would be to follow the doctors advice.

3. Chicken Pox home remedy treatment can be achieved by using Brown Vinegar. The use of brown vinegar is known to be one of the most important home remedies for treating chicken pox. Add half a cup of brown vinegar to a bath for best usage and results.

4. A treatment for chicken pox is not always necessary. If the patient is isolated in a cold room this infection may disappear within a week. Warm places can cause an even harder to take itchiness. If the infection develops into a more serious one treatment is highly recommended. Doctors are able to prescribe it, and they usually prescribe acyclovir, the specific treatment for this kind of infection.

5. So make sure that your child washes his/ her hands at least three times every day. Also try to keep the skin affected by chicken pox as clean as possible. Infections in children suffering from chicken pox are not very sever, but there is always the risk of a big infection.

6. Part of the treatment for chicken pox is giving the patient bath every 3 to 4 hours to relieve the itching, adding some dry oat meal to the water. For the fever it is recommended to use acetaminophen not being indicated for patients under 20. Best thing to do would be to follow the doctors advice.

7. Chicken Pox home remedy treatment can be achieved by using Brown Vinegar. The use of brown vinegar is known to be one of the most important home remedies for treating chicken pox. Add half a cup of brown vinegar to a bath for best usage and results.

disease from chicken pox

Homeopathic Remedies For Autoimmune Disorders

A biotech company will be asking the FDA for permission to begin human trials for a potential autoimmune disorder treatment with an unexpected ingredient - parasite eggs. Coronada Biosciences Inc has developed an immunotherapy agent that includes 2500 parasite eggs collected from pigs. It is intended as a treatment for autoimmune disorders including Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis and multiple sclerosis.

According to Coronado, CNDO-201 is a novel approach to treating autoimmune diseases based on the "hygiene hypothesis." The hygiene hypothesis states that a lack of early childhood exposure to bacteria, viruses and parasites results in an immune system that never learns how to mount a proper defense to infectious organisms.

As a result, a misguided immune system may mistakenly see a harmless substance such as dust or animal dander as a threat, launching an autoimmune response such as allergies or asthma. Crohn's and ulcerative colitis are autoimmune disorders of the intestinal tract. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system.

The porcine whipworm was chosen because it is similar to parasites that regulate cells mechanisms which prevent excessive T-cell activation - a major cause of autoimmune disorders. Patients would be given eggs from the pig parasite every two weeks. "Because humans aren't the right host, the worms can't colonize,'' explains Coronado Chief Executive Bobby Sandage. "The eggs stay there a couple of weeks and then dissolve.''

Coronado acquired the fledgling drug, called CNDO-201, earlier this year, when it bought out its original developer, Asphelia Pharmaceuticals from San Diego. Proof of concept trials in patients with inflammatory bowel disease were promising - over 70 percent of patients achieved complete remission. A Phase II double-blind, placebo controlled trial for the treatment of Crohn's Disease is scheduled to begin in early 2012, pending the go-ahead from the FDA.

It isn't often that a biotechnology company pursues a New Drug Application on its own, usually partnering with a deep-pocketed pharmaceutical company to get a new medication off the ground. But Coronada Biosciences is so convinced of the potential of its proposed Crohn's treatment that it recently raised over million in venture and private funding to pursue its development, and is now planning to go public.

Currently, Crohn's disease is incurable, but can be treated with anti-inflammatory agents such as Asacol (5-ASA, or mesalazine tablets) corticosteroids such as Entocort EC (generic budesonide), topical antibiotics (e.g. Cipro), and immuno-modulators

homeopathic remedies for autoimmune disorders

Infectious Disease Information

Nowadays, society understands the importance of scientific researches in different areas that are aimed to improve people s life and health. It is an urgent question for the international community. As a result, there appear a lot of foundational associations and organizations through the world that are aimed at providing grants to scientific researches.

One of such organizations is U.S. Civilian Research and Development Foundation. It is a non-profit organization established by the National Scientific Foundation in 1995. It has offices in Russia; Kyiv, Ukraine; Almaty, Kazakhstan; Baku, Azerbaijan; and Amman, Jordan.

The missions of this organization are:

  1. Support international scientific and technical collaboration with grants.

  2. Provide with fund civilian researches and non-profit projects.

  3. Support international scientific partnership.

  4. Provide funds for universities that are occupied with researches in science and engineering.

One of the most important activities of CRDF is the Grants Program (CGP). It was founded in 1995 in order to support Eurasian and American researchers that work in the field of natural sciences.

The main objectives of the program are:

  1. The program works in the area of new researches of both U.S. and Eurasian scientists.

  2. The main aim of the program is to improve the quality of foreign researches and to provide funds for young researches.

  3. One of the core ideas of the program is to support projects that work in the area of redirection of former weapon scientists to civil research.

  4. Build successful and profitable industry and partnership with foreign scientists.

  5. This program pays special attention to the change of experience of Western research with its Eurasian counterparts in order to create the most effective projects.

  6. The Grants Program provides with grants individual researches. It provides scientists and institutions with new equipment and necessary supplies.

infectious disease information

What Are Immune System Disorders

There are many disorders that are involved with the immune system. Immunology works to help study the ways how these immune disorders are handled. These include many disorders that cause the body to function in different ways that are far beyond what the body should normally be experiencing.

First, immunology can be used to help study the way how allergies are created. This includes looking into how the immune system may end up producing certain antigens to create allergic reactions to certain problems. This can be a substantial risk to many people in some cases and should be reviewed as well as possible to determine if the body is going to be safe.

Immunology also works to study instances of deficiencies in the immune system. These include problems that relate to the human body's ability to fight off different diseases. Sometimes the immune system may not be able to produce enough cells that are needed to help keep the immune system as healthy as possible. Immunology is used to help determine how well the body is able to handle different problems with this system.

Also, there are studies that involve the ways how a person may become sensitive to certain concerns that go beyond allergies. These include problems that involve the ways how the body might be susceptible to diseases like colds and the flu. There are many cases where a person might be more likely to suffer from these conditions. Immunology can work to review how well a person can respond to different problems with the human body in mind.

Disorders that involve the weakening of the immune system are also reviewed here. This is especially the case with HIV, a condition that can cause the immune system to become severely damaged and may end up causing AIDS in most cases. This is a severe concern that needs to be reviewed for immunology purposes and for a person's general health.

Finally, transplant rejection is a key point of immunology that needs to be reviewed. This is a point that relates to the way how the human body may end up refusing to take in an organ or other kind of tissue that was transplanted into the body. This is a difficult problem that may cause the body to feel weak or harmed.

The way how immunology works is important to see. This relates to the ability of the body to handle itself properly and without any worries that relate to getting the body handled as well as possible. It is important to see how this works when getting a disorder in the human body handled as well as possible so a person can feel and stay healthy over an extended period of time.

what are immune system disorders

Keratosis Types

Table of Contents

  1. Solar Dehydrators
  2. Stackable dehydrators
  3. Electric Dehydrators
  4. Others
  5. Stop for a Poll Question
  6. Excalibur ED2400 4-Tray Food Dehydrator Jerky Maker Review
  7. Did you know?
  8. Great Stuff From Amazon

  1. Solar Dehydrators
  2. Stackable dehydrators
  3. Electric Dehydrators
  4. Others
  5. Stop for a Poll Question
  6. Excalibur ED2400 4-Tray Food Dehydrator Jerky Maker Review
  7. Did you know?
  8. Great Stuff From Amazon
  9. Food Dehydrator Latest Update
  10. About Laddoo
  11. Guestbook Comments

Solar Dehydrators

Solar Dehydrators

Although solar dehydrators are also effective, they are not best to be used on raw foods because there is no temperature that you can control due to the absence of electric thermostat. Always remember that when you dehydrate foods temperature control is really important as it is the basis of a successful dehydrating process. Besides, the enzymes which are good for the health can be lost if you will use solar dehydrators.

Stackable dehydrators

Stackable dehydrators

They have removable trays that can be loaded. If the food is loaded, you can still put one on top of the others.

Electric Dehydrators

Electric dehydrators

They are widely used today because of their features and the conveniences they give to the users. There are two kinds of electric dehydrators and these are the horizontal and vertical. When it comes to horizontal food dehydrators, the air flows horizontally, giving you the ability to control the temperature. On the other hand, the vertical dehydrators are not costly and they have stackable trays. Their heaters are found at the bottom and top of the units. However, they don't have temperature control. You can check out for more product reviews of electric food dehydrator.



There are food dehydrators which use fan to dry the foods while others use the convection. The fan will blow warm air to the food so that it will be dried. In convection, it uses heat to dry the food. The heater is usually located at the bottom part. The heat will be distributed to each of the trays. Convection uses less electricity and is quiet during the operation.

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